At Klow, we focus on the choice of raw materials used by our partner brands in order to offer you the best eco-friendly clothing in our e-shop. We select exclusively ecological materials, from sustainable agriculture or recycling, designed to last, respecting nature and people. Discover here our guide to eco-responsible materials.
In order to preserve our environment, a major issue of our generation, we must pay more attention to the way we choose the clothes that go into our wardrobe. Choosing eco-responsible materials and clothing is a first step towards better consumption habits.
Why choose clothes made from eco-friendly materials?
Opting for a more ecological fashion is already becoming aware of the ecological impact of the textile industry, which is one of the most polluting at the present time. According to the World Bank, the production of our clothes is responsible for 20% of the world's water pollution.
Becoming more demanding with regard to the materials used in the manufacture of our clothing is essential in order to move towards more ethical fashion. Recognizing and selecting eco-responsible materials is already acting for the environment.
Concern for durability and quality.
Choosing eco-responsible clothing also means choosing durability and quality. The choice of materials in the manufacture of a garment is essential and conditions its quality and resistance.
Natural and biological materials such as organic woolthe linen and the biological cotton are considered to be more sustainable and less costly to the environment. This is not the case for materials such as theacrylic or the polyester...not eco-friendly.
A social responsibility
Choosing eco-responsible clothing also means having a better traceability of the place of production of raw materials, and as a bonus, choosing a locally manufactured garment also reduces CO2 emissions.
Buying eco-responsible and close to home is not only respectful of the planet but also helps create local jobs. Your impact will not only be environmental but also societal and economic.
The list of eco-responsible clothing materials
The choice of raw materials is essential in the manufacture of an ecological garment. There is a very large number of eco-friendly materials, we offer you a small guide to help you differentiate them:
The organic cotton comes from organic agricultural production and is certified according to environmental protection standards. The production of organic cotton does not damage the soil. Moreover, it does not use insecticides or pesticides and even less GMOs. It also uses less water (88% less than conventional cotton) and less energy (62% less than conventional cotton).
The recycled cotton is so called as opposed to virgin cotton. By favouring recycled cotton instead of virgin cotton, the positive impacts on the environment are considerable. Indeed, recycled cotton helps to reduce global warming, depletion of water reserves and the use of chemicals.
Some figures in favour of recycled cotton: the reduction in manufacturing waste is 63% to 98%. For post-consumer waste, the reduction is 72% to 99%.
In the category of natural and ecological fibres, the hemp is among the best and most used in the world. It is mainly used in the manufacture of our jeans, and nowadays as an alternative to cotton, for t-shirts for example. Manufactured for centuries, hemp has the advantage of being very resistant, biodegradable and does not irritate the skin. Moreover, hemp cultivation does not require insecticides or irrigation, which means less use of water resources, and even regenerates the soil.
Linen is a particularly resistant fabric. It is produced from an herbaceous plant that grows easily in Europe. It is used to make all kinds of clothes. The life cycle of linen clothing is very beneficial for the environment. Flax is not only sustainable but also more biodegradable and recyclable than conventional cotton. Moreover, it requires less energy, less water and the plants that produce flax require very little fertilizer and release little nitrate into the atmosphere. Flax grows very easily, once considered a "wild grass", it does not require much maintenance. Linen fabrics are light and particularly pleasant to wear in the summer.
Le tencel by Lenzing
Tencel is a biodegradable, ecological and 99% recyclable fibre. It is manufactured by the company Lenzinga leading manufacturer of 100% cellulose fibers. The Tencel Fibre produced by the Lenzing Group uses a non-toxic solvent and wood pulp. Tencel makes it possible to produce very strong and fine fabrics, similar to silk.
The production of Tencel requires five times less water than cotton. In addition, the yield per hectare of Tencel is 10 times higher than that of cotton. This means that less 'land' is needed to produce this material. Tencel therefore has a proven positive environmental impact. This is why it is increasingly being used for the production of eco-responsible fashion clothing.
The Modal by Lenzing
Modal by Lenzing, developed in 1951 in Japan, is a semi-synthetic fibre. Today, the Lenzing company is the largest producer of Modal. As Modal by Lenzing is a breathable and incredibly resistant material, it is used extensively in the manufacture of sportswear, pyjamas, sheets, and even underwear.
Celluloses, a vegetable component, are used in its manufacture. The production process implemented by Lenzing is innovative from an environmental point of view because the technology is carbon neutral and the yield is up to 20 times higher than that of cotton. In addition, Modal by Lenzing contains no toxic products and can be 95% recycled.
L’Econyl is an environmentally friendly alternative to nylon. The latter is the result of the transformation of highly polluting chemicals from oil. Econyl is also the name of the brand that makes this fibre from plastic waste and used nylon fishing nets that line the seabed and disrupt the ocean ecosystem.
In addition to being a solution to marine pollution, Econyl is a fully recycled and fully recyclable fibre. The fashion industry is increasingly using Econyl to produce "zero waste" productsSUSTAINABLE CLOTHING . In addition, its manufacture requires little energy, which represents, compared to nylon, a reduction in the production of greenhouse gases by 80%.
The PET is a source material petrochemical that goes into making plastic bottles. Once used, plastic bottles and other plastic materials are discarded and very often end up in our oceans. In fact, 8 million pieces of plastic waste end up in our oceans every year. This is an ecological disaster. Recycled PET helps to clean up the oceans by recycling this waste in a green and circular economy. Recycled PET is used to create fabrics that will be used to make eco-responsible clothing. Princessing parkas, rain jackets, sneakers or sportswear. Some figures to evaluate the environmental impact of recycled PET: According to FOENRecycled PET uses 59% less energy than new PET, some of which is used in the creation of textiles. It takes 42 plastic bottles to make one kilogram of recycled PET.
The alpaca is a cousin of the llama. It lives naturally on high altitudes in the Andean Cordillera. It is very cold, with temperatures that can drop below minus 20°C. To adapt to these natural living conditions, the alpaca has a very dense and rather silky fur that keeps it warm.
There are in Bolivia and the Peru alpaca breeders who raise alpacas for their wool and respect their way of life in the wild. These are semi-wild alpacas. The alpaca is not an animal that suffers from poaching. Alpaca breeders respect the animal and shearing is done only once a year (usually in summer). Alpaca shearing is part of a natural cycle. Moreover, the animal's breeding does not destroy the soil. The alpaca does not graze the plants down to the roots like the goat, it simply cuts them down.
It takes an alpaca to get 2.5 kg of alpaca wool. Alpaca wool is very soft and lighter than sheep wool. Moreover, it is biodegradable and does not require the use of chemical dyes.
Wool certified "No Museling" and natural wool
Musseling is a decried and common practice in Australia of removing part of the flesh of sheep without anaesthesia. It is done to prevent sheep from contracting certain infectious skin diseases. However, the practice is very painful and can result in the death of the animal. It is a cruel practice for the animals. Choosing a No Museling certified wool is an ethical approach to animals. In addition, it is a natural wool.
Vegetable Tanned Leather
What is tanning? It is the process that will transform animal hides into leather.
The leather industry mainly uses a chrome mineral tanning process, which is cheap and fast. This type of practice will increase the speed of production and the impact of these materials on the environment. Indeed, tanning with chrome, or other types of solvents derived from tar, are extremely polluting for the soil. They also have negative consequences on public health for the craftsmen and workers who work with these leathers.
Vegetable tanned leather, on the other hand, is more natural, cleaner and has no health or environmental consequences. It is an ecological alternative that should be favoured when buying leather bags or shoes.
From a more global point of view, it is important to know that vegetable tanned natural leather is much less polluting than "vegetable" leathers, commonly known as "leathervegan ". These materials certainly do not use animal materials, but they require production practices derived from petrochemicals. The materials that make up these leathers vegan are mostly made of plastics, derived from oil, and very slightly mixed with organic materials such as fruit fibres, for example.
The virtues of recycling and the benefit to the environment cannot be overstated. Because industrialization has put products in our daily lives that are non-biodegradable. Recycled leather is an ecological alternative to classic leather. It is a leather that has already been used, and which has been either recycled / upcycled, to give it a second use.
Upcycling is the act of retrieving old items to give them a new use. Thus, old light bulbs, glass bottles, old tires can find a second life through the creation of a piece of furniture for example, a decorative object or a piece of clothing. In other words, we recycle products in order to reuse them differently. That means less waste in nature. Upcycling is also a positive solution for the environment.
You have just discovered our tips to help you choose your eco-responsible clothing. At Klow, our expertise allows us to choose correctly the clothes you offer for sale on the e-shop.
Selecting materials that are environmentally friendly and ethically produced is at the heart of a positive environmental approach. Adopting a more eco-responsible lifestyle also means knowing the components of your clothes.
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